EXP Courses

EXP100 - Expedition Experience (0 cr.)

This course is a required adjunct to some of the upper level Expeditionary Studies disciplinary courses, offering exposure to the processes and behaviors of expeditionary travel in remote settings. Locations range throughout the U.S. and Canada, as well as abroad, including, for example, The United Kingdom, Nepal, Mexico, and Tanzania. The length of travel varies. Students enrolled in upper level, disciplinary expeditionary studies courses, will be automatically enrolled in this course to identify the required field experience. May be repeated without limit. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer). Prerequisite: enrollment during previous semester in the designated upper-level EXP course.

EXP101 - The History and Culture of the Expedition (3 cr.)

The course is organized thematically to emphasize the contingent nature of expeditions within local times and places. It is also roughly chronological to emphasize themes of change and continuity over time. The class emphasizes the history of expeditions in and from Europe and the United States since the 1300s with a focus on contextualizing the practice of expeditions into western history. Some of the themes to be discussed include the role of religion, colonialism, science, and trade in the history of expeditions. (Fall & Spring).

EXP121 - Outdoor Living Skills (4 cr.)

This course introduces camp-craft and basic backcountry skills. These skills are applicable to any environment and enable students to safely engage the outdoors for intellectual, aesthetic, social, and recreational purposes. The course uses an immersive, experiential pedagogy in field situations as well as readings, discussions, and journal-keeping. The elements and practices specific to planning adventure journeys will be highlighted. Equipment and transportation provided; requires at least one overnight. (Fall - Spring ).

EXP122 - Introduction to Paddle Sports (2 cr.)

This course introduces various forms of paddle sports, including sea kayaking, white water kayaking and open canoe touring. Course includes discussion of the history of paddle sports with attention to different aboriginal origins, the evolution of paddle sports and equipment design. Skill development includes boat control skills, emergency procedures and a variety of rescue techniques. In addition to skill clinics, the course will include a variety of tours. (Fall).

EXP170 - Movement and Balance in Kayaking (1 cr.)

This pool-based kayaking course focuses on introducing, maintaining and improving safety, balance, technique and fitness during the kayaking off-season. Offers revisions for standard techniques and an introduction to new techniques. For beginner and experienced paddlers. (Fall & Spring).

EXP180 - Introduction to Rock Climbing (2 cr.)

This introduction to rock-climbing orients new climbers to the systems, protocols, and foundation techniques of rock climbing. The course focuses on movement techniques, protection systems, and belaying skills, in addition to covering an introduction to climbing equipment, rappel techniques, and the use of friction hitches. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer).

EXP182 - Kinesthetics and Training for Climbing (1 cr.)

This course introduces climbing-specific approaches to the kinesthetic skills and training necessary to maximize performance. Appropriate for all levels of climbers, this is a climbing gym course, focusing on techniques for steep climbs, power and endurance, and exercise and fitness. (Fall & Spring).

EXP183 - Introduction to Ice Climbing (2 cr.)

This introduction to ice climbing orients new climbers to the systems, protocols, and foundation techniques of ice climbing. The course focuses on the use of crampons and ice axes, movement techniques, protection systems, and belaying skills, in addition to covering an introduction to climbing equipment, rappel techniques, and the use of friction hitches. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer).

EXP186 - Introduction to Free-Heel Skiing (2 cr.)

Introduction to equipment and techniques for modern free-heel skiing, including both Nordic and alpine skills. The Nordic component introduces backcountry skiing skills and techniques for cross-country travel. The alpine component introduces downhill techniques such as parallel and telemark turns. (Spring). Prerequisite: experience with alpine and Nordic skiing at beginner level or above.

EXP195 - Whitewater Kayaking (2 cr.)

Introduction to recreational whitewater kayaking. Class includes discussion of the history of whitewater kayaks with attention to the evolution of kayak and paddle design. Skill development includes a variety of paddle strokes, wet exits, and self-rescues, and general boat handling techniques. In addition to skill clinics, course includes a variety of paddling experiences. (Spring). Prerequisites: EXP122 and EXP170.

EXP199 - Independent Study (1 to 15 cr.)

Project individually arranged by student and faculty sponsor. Requires completion of the Independent Study form and approval by the Faculty Sponsor, Academic Advisor, Department Chair and Academic Dean. (Fall).

EXP221 - Outdoor Living Skills II (3 cr.)

Expands and refines camp-craft and basic backcountry skills introduced in EXP121. Introduces skills, equipment, concepts and standard practices necessary for day and multi-day expeditions in more extreme climates and terrains. The class is taught at the Twin Valleys Outdoor Education Center (Lewis, NY) and other regional settings. The course uses an immersive, experiential pedagogy in field situations as well as readings, discussions, and journal-keeping. Outdoor ethics and low-impact practices will be highlighted. Equipment and transportation provided; requires at least two overnights. (Spring). Prerequisite: EXP121.

EXP252 - Introduction to the Principles of Paddlesport Touring (2 cr.)

This course introduces the logistical, camp craft and journeying practices particular to and necessary for multi-day touring in human powered watercraft, emphasizing the expanded skills and environmental complexities inherent in multi-day paddling trips. Offered in either kayaks or canoes, EXP252 includes a minimum of two self-supported overnights. May be repeated when offered in different watercraft for a maximum of 4 credits. (Fall). Prerequisite: EXP122.

EXP272 - Planning Sea Kayaking Journeys (1 cr.)

Sequel to EXP172, this course concentrates on linking the components introduced in the previous course to building a broader understanding of the open water environment. Relating cartography, climate and tidal information is necessary to predict conditions, identify dangers and plan safe routes and contingency procedures. Relevant for all level trips from half-day to multi-week expeditions. (Fall & Spring). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: EXP172.

EXP282 - Group Dynamics for Outdoor Leaders (3 cr.)

This course introduces the central concepts of the role of the leader in outdoor settings. Topics include group dynamics, formative stages, group assessment, group cohesion, group facilitation, conflict resolution, reflective listening, leadership role, facilitation skills, transference, and reflection. This course is designed for students who plan to lead groups in outdoor settings. (Spring). Prerequisites: EXP major, sophomore standing.

EXP299 - Independent Study (1 to 15 cr.)

Project individually arranged by student and faculty sponsor. Requires completion of the Independent Study form and approval by the Faculty Sponsor, Academic Advisor, Department Chair and Academic Dean. (Fall - Spring).

EXP303 - Adventure Travel and Tourism (0 to 3 cr.)

This course explores global cultures through the lens of adventure travel and tourism. The central goals of EXP303 are to define adventure tourism and travel, to identify the impacts of these on the traveler and the host nation, and, finally, to investigate these in an actual adventure travel experience. Course includes campus study and travel to such locations as Nepal, Baja, Mexico, The Canadian Rockies, and the British Isles among others. (Fall). Liberal arts.

EXP304 - International Expeditionary Studies Field Practicum (3 to 15 cr.)

Variable length field experience and practicum. This field practicum is for students enrolled in an accredited adventure program in a non-U.S. location, such as those offered by The National Outdoor Leadership School. Credit hours depends on the length of the field experience and can range from a minimum of three weeks to a full semester. The EXP International Field Practicum must take place in a non-U.S. location and include technical adventure-skills training, adventure leadership opportunities, and an extended expedition. Completion of EXP304 requires submission of a portfolio addressing prescribed topics such as expeditionary thinking and eco-tourism. (Fall & Spring). Liberal arts. Prerequisites: acceptance by the Study Abroad Program; acceptance by the accredited adventure program; POI.

EXP360 - Wilderness First Responder (3 cr.)

Beyond first aid skills are medical skills. This course provides students the knowledge to practice basic medical skills in wilderness environments. Topics include patient assessment, splinting, wound care, cold and heat emergencies, burns, pharmacology, care of the cervical spine and an introduction to neurological exam in remote settings. All skills will be practiced in field exercises and mock rescue settings. (Winter).

EXP370 - Topics: Outdoor Sports and Culture (3 cr.)

This course combines intellectual reflections and experiential learning. The primary subject matter varies, but the course always includes experiential opportunities in the sport and a study of the history and culture of the sport. Topics can include "climbing and culture," "canoes, kayaks and culture," etc. May be repeated one time with different topic. (Fall, Spring, Winter). Liberal arts.

EXP375 - Kayak Touring (3 cr.)

The first of two intermediate level sea kayaking courses, EXP375 teaches the fundamental skills, concepts and standard practices necessary for extended and independent sea kayak touring. The process is presented as the application of technical, environmental, and organizational skills. The course identifies a reflective process of "thinking in action" and provides theoretical foundations and rationales for the application of sea kayak skills. (Fall). Prerequisites: EXP170, EXP252, EXP272, and POI.

EXP376 - Sea Kayaking: Introduction to the Ocean Environment (3 cr.)

The second of two intermediate level sea kayak courses, EXP376 advances the fundamental concepts and standard practices that are the foundation of ocean travel by kayak. These include advanced kayaking skills for ocean settings, navigation and route finding in open waters, basic ocean travel skills, and strategies for risk management. The class continues to develop the reflective expeditionary process of "thinking in action," here providing theoretical foundations and rationales for the application of ocean kayak expedition skills. (Fall). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP380 - The Rock Climbing Process (3 cr.)

The first of two intermediate level rock climbing courses. EXP380 teaches the fundamental concepts and standard practices that are the foundation of rock climbing. The process is presented as the application of technical, environmental, and organizational skills. The course identifies a reflective process of thinking in action and provides theoretical foundations and rationales for the application of rock climbing skills. (Fall). Prerequisite: EXP180.

EXP381 - The Rock Climbing Process II (3 cr.)

The second of two intermediate rock climbing courses, EXP381 teaches the concepts and practices that are required for use of artificial protection in top-rope construction and participation in multi-pitch rock climbs. The process of becoming a safe, capable, and responsible "second," requires understanding of the complete multi-pitch process; top-rope construction is a central component of this. EXP381 prepares students to assume the role as lead rock climbers. (Fall). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP384 - The Ice Climbing Process (3 cr.)

EXP384 teaches the concepts and practices that are required for use of artificial protection in top-rope construction and participation in multi-pitch ice climbs. The process of becoming a safe, capable, and responsible "second," requires complete understanding of the multi-pitch process. Successful completion of EXP384, including a skills competency test, prepares students to assume the role as lead ice climbers. (Spring). Prerequisite: EXP380.

EXP386 - The Backcountry Day Touring Process (3 cr.)

The first of three intermediate level ski mountaineering courses, EXP386 teaches the fundamental concepts and standard practices that are the foundation of ski mountaineering, those of backcountry skiing. The process is presented as the application of technical, environmental, and organizational skills. The class indentifies a reflective process of "thinking in action" and provides theoretical foundations and rationales for the application of ski mountaineering skills. (Spring). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP387 - The Backcountry Multi-Day Touring Process (3 cr.)

EXP387 advances the fundamental concepts and standard practices that are the foundation of extended backcountry skiing. These include advanced skiing skills in backcountry terrain, navigation and route finding in mountains, basic snow climbing techniques and strategies for risk management. The class continues to identify the reflective expeditionary process, here providing theoretical foundations and rationales for the application of backcountry skiing skills in a self-supported, multi-day backcountry setting. (Spring). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP388 - The Ski Mountaineering Process (3 cr.)

The third of three ski process courses, EXP388 emphasizes the core competences required in ski mountaineering. Beginning with an analysis of the idea of leadership and relevant learning theories, this course studies individual behavior and motivation in adventure settings, group dynamics, risk management, and specialized ski mountaineering skills for adventure leaders. These materials are addressed in actual ski mountaineering settings and with backcountry ski groups. (Spring). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP399 - Independent Study (1 to 15 cr.)

Project individually arranged by student and faculty sponsor. Requires completion of the Independent Study form and approval by the Faculty Sponsor, Academic Advisor, Department Chair and Academic Dean. (Fall - Spring).

EXP435 - Expedition Theory and Planning (3 cr.)

Identifies the ideas and planning necessary to mount an adventure expedition. Recognizing a process that applies to all expeditions, EXP435 prepares students in the Expeditionary Studies major for their senior expedition. The course covers all aspects of expedition planning, including creating a team to designing a risk management plan to researching goals. Students in this class will prepare an expedition prospectus. Approved AWR. Prerequisites: ENG101, 6 hours of 300 level EXP coursework, enrollment in at least 3 hours of 400 level EXP coursework. (Fall).

EXP436 - Senior Expedition (3 cr.)

This course is the experiential culmination of the expeditionary studies curriculum. Offered as a supervised seminar, EXP436 combines skill and theory into a student directed expedition. Students will plan, prepare for, execute, and assess an expedition in one of the discipline areas offered by the Expeditionary Studies curriculum. (Spring). Prerequisites: 6 completed hours of 300 level EXP coursework and enrollment in or completion of EXP435.

EXP475 - Kayak Leadership (3 cr.)

The first of two advanced level sea kayaking courses, EXP475 emphasizes the core competences required of leadership in sea kayaking. Beginning with an analysis of the idea of leadership and relevant learning theories, this course studies individual behavior and motivation in adventure settings, group dynamics, risk management, and specialized skills for adventure leaders. These materials are addressed in advanced kayak conditions and with sea kayak groups. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: POI.

EXP476 - Kayak Leadership II (3 cr.)

The culminating sea kayak course in the specialization category of the expeditionary studies major, this course synthesizes expeditionary leadership with pedagogical, facilitation and technical skills for adventure leaders. EXP476 emphasizes the three essential dimensions of kayak adventure leadership. First is facilitation, the broad base of techniques necessary to maximize effective teaching in pursuit of both individual and group goals. Second are "metaskills," specialized skills necessary for the effective delivery of other skills. Lastly are the advanced paddling skills necessary for kayak leadership. As in all Expeditionary Studies courses, these will be practiced in advanced paddling situations and in actual instructional settings. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: POI.

EXP480 - Rock Climbing Leadership (3 cr.)

The first of two advanced-level rock climbing courses, EXP480 emphasizes the core competencies required of leadership in rock climbing. Beginning with an analysis of the idea of leadership and relevant learning theories, this course studies individual behavior and motivation in adventure settings, group dynamics, risk management, and specialized skills for adventure leaders. These materials are addressed in advanced rock climbing settings and with rock climbing groups. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: POI.

EXP481 - Rock Climbing Leadership II (3 cr.)

The culminating rock climbing course in the specialization category of the expeditionary studies major, this course synthesizes expeditionary leadership with pedagogical, facilitation and technical skills for adventure leaders. EXP481 emphasizes the three essential dimensions of rock climbing adventure leadership. First is facilitation, the broad base of techniques necessary to maximize effective teaching in pursuit of both individual and group goals. Second are "metaskills," specialized skills necessary for the effective delivery of other skills. Lastly are the advanced rock climbing skills necessary for rock climbing. As in all Expeditionary Studies courses, these will be presented in advanced rock climbing situations and in actual instruction settings. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: POI.

EXP484 - Ice Climbing Leadership (3 cr.)

The culminating ice climbing course in the specialization category of the expeditionary studies major, this course synthesizes expeditionary leadership with pedagogical, facilitation and technical skills for adventure leaders. EXP484 emphasizes the three essential dimensions of ice climbing leadership. First is facilitation, the broad base of techniques necessary to maximize effective teaching in pursuit of both individual and group goals. Second are meta-skills, specialized skills necessary for the effective delivery of other skills. Lastly are the advanced ice climbing skills necessary for ice climbing leadership. As in all Expeditionary Studies courses, these will be presented in advanced ice climbing situations and in actual instructional settings. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: EXP480; POI.

EXP487 - Backcountry Skiing Leadership (3 cr.)

The culminating backcountry ski course in the specialization category of the expeditionary studies major, this course synthesizes expeditionary leadership with pedagogy, facilitation, and specialized skills for adventure leaders. EXP487 emphasizes the three essential dimensions of backcountry skiing adventure leadership. First is facilitation, the broad base of techniques necessary to maximize effective teaching in pursuit of both individual and group goals. Second are "metaskills," specialized skills necessary for the effective delivery of other skills. Lastly are the advanced skiing skills necessary for leadership. As in all Expeditionary Studies courses, these will be presented in advanced backcountry ski settings and in actual instruction settings. (Annually). Liberal arts. Prerequisite: POI.

EXP496 - Instructional Field Practicum (1 to 3 cr.)

Supervised tutoring or instructional assistance in field settings in Expeditionary Studies courses. A contract specifying each student's duties, approved by the course coordinator, will be on file in the department. Can be repeated to a maximum of six credits. (Spring/Fall). Prerequisite: POI.

EXP498 - Internship (1 to 15 cr.)

The Adirondack Experience provides a variety of field experiences in professional settings to qualified students. Students selecting an Expeditionary Studies internship will participate at selected sites under the supervision of professional staff persons. These sites might include guide services, outdoor businesses, camps, adventure based counseling programs, and The Adirondack Experience program itself. May be repeated for up to a maximum of fifteen (15) credits. (Summer - Spring). Liberal arts.

EXP499 - Independent Study (1 to 15 cr.)

Project individually arranged by student and faculty sponsor. Requires completion of the Independent Study form and approval by the Faculty Sponsor, Academic Advisor, Department Chair and Academic Dean. (Fall - Spring).

EXP536 - Community Service Expedition (3 cr.)

EXP536 course is one of three required expeditions in the master's degree in expeditionary studies, combining the skills and thinking of the expeditionary process into a student planned and led expedition, here with a community service goal. In addition to completion of an approved expedition, students must submit an expedition proposal and a public presentation as components of the expedition process. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer). Prerequisite: completion of three credit hours of EXP "Praxis" coursework.

EXP537 - Educational Expedition (3 to 6 cr.)

EXP537 is one of three required expeditions in the master's degree in expeditionary studies, combining the skills and thinking of the expeditionary process into a student planned and led expedition, here with an educational goal. EXP537 requires submission of an expedition proposal and a public presentation as components of the expedition process. To fill the "Expedition" category requirements in the MS in expeditionary studies, students must take EXP537 or EXP538 for six credit hours. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer). Prerequisites: completion of three credit hours of expeditionary studies "Praxis" coursework.

EXP538 - Professional Expedition (3 to 6 cr.)

EXP 538 is one of three required expeditions in the master's degree in expeditionary studies, combining the skills and thinking of the expeditionary process into a student planned and led expedition, here with a professional goal. EXP538 requires submission of an expedition proposal and a public presentation as components of the expedition process. To fill the "Expedition" category requirements in the MS in expeditionary studies, students must take EXP537 or EXP538 for six credits. (Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer). Prerequisites: completion of three credit hours of expeditionary studies "Praxis" coursework.

EXP550 - Self-Assessment for Adventure Sports Practitioners (1 cr.)

EXP550 offers expeditionary studies graduate students a method to self-identify the physiological, psychological, technical, and tactical (PPTT) principles necessary for self-growth as adventure practitioners. This online course requires a self-assessment of one's own technical abilities and design of a plan for improving them. This will be constructed with the expeditionary studies graduate program curriculum as its context. (Fall/Spring).

EXP560 - Planning Adventure Journeys (3 cr.)

EXP560 considers the entire planning process for adventure travel to remote settings, from identifying the components necessary for successful adventure journeys to client, student, and participant care. Relevant to all levels of adventure travel, the planning process is an explicit, fore-grounded approach to adventure travel. As "thinking in action" defines expeditionary adventures, "thinking before action" defines expeditionary planning. Students in this online class will develop adventure plans for short, medium, and long distance travel for varied group goals and abilities. (Fall/Spring). Prerequisite: completion of or co-registration with EXP550.

EXP570 - Adventure Sports Pedagogy (3 cr.)

EXP570 integrates the "How", the "Why", and the "What" of adventure sports pedagogy into a transferrable set of ideas appropriate for all adventure sports. Using examples from various adventure sports disciplines, this online course combines instructional theory, practical approaches, and developmental goals into a unified process for teaching adventure sports. Students will be responsible for creating a variety of teaching modules. (Fall/Spring). Prerequisite: completion of or co-registration with EXP550.

EXP577 - Guiding Field Practicum (3 to 6 cr.)

EXP577 is one of two supervised field experiences; here the emphasis is on guiding, including addressing aspects of planning, implementing risk management protocols, and designing appropriate outcomes for specific group needs. All materials must be submitted and reviewed in advance. Students enrolled in this class must arrange their schedules to be present for specified off-campus travel. (Fall/Spring). Prerequisites: completion of EXP550 and six credit hours of expeditionary studies "theory" coursework.

EXP580 - Risk Management (3 cr.)

EXP580 offers an overview of risk management, beginning with an understanding of risk in both historical and contemporary terms. The study is framed by ethical, professional, and legal points of view. As an overarching way of mitigating potential incidents, EXP580 understands risk management as a central component of expeditionary thinking. This online class culminates with the development of an in-depth risk management plan. (Fall/Spring). Prerequisite: completion of or co-registration with EXP550.

EXP585 - Outcomes-Based Adventure Programming (3 cr.)

EXP585 addresses diverse and possible outcomes for adventure-based programming. These include programming for personal growth, team building, counseling, leadership, and for so-called "hard skill" development. Each outcome requires distinct structures, pedagogies, backgrounds and training. EXP585 explores these variations as well as other implicit and explicit assumptions attached to these outcomes. In this online course, students will develop curriculum and class modules for outcomes-based programming related to their professional goals. (Spring). Prerequisite: completion of or co-registration with EXP550.

EXP590 - Adventure Leadership (3 cr.)

EXP590 examines leadership as one of the three unifying principles of adventure programming. (Planning and risk management are the other two.) It is designed to help students develop self-efficacy and competence in leadership using adventure recreation as a contextual framework. This online course will focus on specific theoretical and practical leadership skills. (Fall). Prerequisite: completion of or co-registration with EXP550.

EXP595 - Wilderness First Responder (3 cr.)

Beyond first aid skills are medical skills. This course provides students the knowledge to practice basic medical skills in wilderness environments. Topics include patient assessment, splinting, wound care, cold and heat emergencies, burns, pharmacology, and care of the C-Spine, among others, in remote settings. All skills will be practiced in field exercises and mock rescue settings. (Annually).

Search the College Course Catalog

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Alphabetical Listing of Curriculum Descriptions by Course Subject

A

  • Africana Studies = AAS
  • Accounting = ACC
  • Anthropology = ANT
  • Arabic = ARA
  • Art = ART
  • Asian Studies = ASI
  • Astronomy = AST

B

  • Biology = BIO
  • Business = BUS

C

  • Canadian Studies = CAS
  • Communications Disorders & Sciences = CDS
  • Consumer Economics Management = CEM
  • Chemistry = CHE
  • Counseling = CLG
  • Career Life Planning = CLP
  • Communication Studies = CMM
  • Computer Science = CSC
  • Criminal Justice = CRI

E

  • Economics = ECO
  • Education = EDU
  • Education - Administration = EDA
  • Education - Mathematics = EDM
  • Education - Reading = EDR
  • Education - Special = EDS
  • English = ENG
  • Environmental Science = ENV
  • English as a Second Language = ESL
  • Expeditionary Studies = EXP

F

  • Finance = FIN
  • Foreign Languages & Literature = FLL
  • French = FRE
  • Freshman Seminar = FRS
  • Freshman Experience = FRX

G

  • Geography = GEG
  • Gender & Women's Studies = GWS
  • Geology = GEL
  • German = GER

H

  • Health Education = HED
  • History = HIS
  • Honors = HON
  • Hotel, Restaurant, & Tourism Management = HRT
  • Human Development and Family Relations = HDF

I

  • Interdisciplinary Studies = INT
  • Italian = ITA

J

  • Journalism = JOU

L

  • Latin American Studies = LAS
  • Latin = LAT
  • Leadership = MLS
  • Library Skills = LIB
  • Language & Linguistics = LIN

M

  • Mathematics = MAT
  • Meteorology = MET
  • Military Studies = MTS
  • Management & International Business = MGM
  • Marketing & Entrepreneurship = MKE
  • Minority Studies = MNS
  • Music = MUS

N

  • Nursing = NUR
  • Nutrition = FNI

P

  • Physical Education = PED
  • Philosophy = PHI
  • Physics = PHY
  • Portuguese = POR
  • Political Science = PSC
  • Psychology = PSY

R

  • Reading = RDG
  • Recreation = REC
  • Russian = RUS

S

  • Science & Society = SCI
  • Sociology = SOC
  • Spanish = SPA
  • Social Work = SWK

T

  • Theatre = THE
  • Tutor Training = TTR